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Old 08-16-2016, 02:43 AM
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Today, the leadership of Moldova Republic has betrayed the rights of the national minorities - the Russians, the Ukraines, the Gagauzians, and even the Moldavians, turning them into Romanians. Nationalist Rumanian-way leadership of Moldova aspires to capture the PMR ignoring the will of Pridnestrovian people. PMR's suggestions on preserving the territorial integrity of Moldova Republic on the basis of confederation encounter strong opposition from new political forces which reject the right of such national minorities as Gagauzians and Pridnestrovian people for self-determination. At the same time, they groundlessly refer to the norms of the international law.

Let's go back, in short, to the essence of the problem.

Out of the total number of human rights that comprise the ideal of human values, one of the primary positions is occupied by the people's right for self-determination. This right is regulated both by home legislation and by the norms of the international law.

It is known from the history that a week after its appearance, the Soviet State proclaimed in the "Declaration on the rights of the peoples of Russia" their right for free self-determination extending as far as to the right to split off and form an independent state. The right for free withdrawal from the USSR was proclaimed in the "Declaration on formation of the USSR" and was fixed in "the Treaty of the USSR formation" (Article 26). This right was then adopted in the Constitution of the USSR in 1924 (Article 4), in the Constitution of the USSR in 1936 (Article 17), in the Constitution of the USSR in 1977 (Article 72). The union republics didn't use their constitutional rights for free withdrawal from the USSR.
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Old 08-16-2016, 02:44 AM
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In the constitutions of some foreign states with federative systems there are such articles about the right for a federative unit to withdraw from the union (Czechoslovakia, Yugoslavia). There are actual facts of such withdrawals. For example, the withdrawal of Senegal from Mali Federation, Bangladesh from Pakistan Federation.
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Old 08-16-2016, 02:48 AM
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International legal adjustment:

We can mention four acts among the international legal acts regulating rights of people for self-determination. First of all, it is the United Nations' Charter. It establishes the basic principle of equality for all peoples, i.e. the principle of self-determination. Notably, this principle is relevant to all nations that either possess their statehood or not. The Article Nl, point 2, of the Charter stipulates that friendly relations between nations and peoples must be developed on the basis of this principle. In addition, Article N55 of the Charter combines the fulfillment of this principle of national self-determination with the nation's economic, social and cultural progress in the world and with observation of human rights.

General Declaration of Human Rights adopted by The General Assembly of the United Nations Organization on 10 December, 1948, is the most important international legal Act regulating the terms of self-determination for all nations. The Declaration states that nobody can be either enslaved or empowered. (Article 4).
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Old 08-16-2016, 02:49 AM
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People's right for self-determination is secured by the International Pact on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, adopted by the General Assembly of the United Nations Organization on 19 December, 1966. The Article 1 reads that "all peoples have their right for self-determination". Under it they "freely establish their own political status and ensure their economic, social, and cultural development". The Article further reads that "a self-determination right is universal". That's why all the states participating in this Pact which are responsible for governing the non-self-governed and dependent territories "according to the UN Regulations, should encourage realization of the self-determination right and respect it"(Articlel, paragraph3)

The nations' right for self-determination is ensured in the articles 1 - 6 of Copenhagen Conference Document on the population rate in the countries of OSCE. This document points out the importance of people's right to participate in governing of their country, where democracy was established by people's free will. This right should be defended and protected from the activity of certain people, groups, or organizations that do not reject but use terror and violence in order to destroy this democratic order.
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Old 08-16-2016, 02:49 AM
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Declaration on Development Right adopted by The General Assembly of The United Nations Organization on 4 December, 1986 is the most important international legal document regulating nation self-determination right. The Declaration states that "Development right is an inherent right of any person, so each person and all peoples have a right to participate in such economic, cultural, social and political development when all the human rights and basic freedoms can be realized. They also can contribute to it and use all good things of life. (Article 1)

The Second Article of The Declaration further reads that "The human right for development also implies full realization of nations' right for self-determination, which includes, according to the corresponding statements of both International Pacts on human rights, realization of their inherent right to enjoy their sovereignty and possess all their natural resources and riches'.

If human rights, including nations' rights for self-determination, are violated and not defended and secured by law, then, according to The General Declaration of Human rights, it may be relevant to undertake a forced measure: " as a final means to rise against tyranny and oppression". Moreover, the nation that is trying to establish its self-determination has the right "to ask for support and receive it in correspondence with the goals and principles of the United Nations Regulations". That's why the people who are fighting to have their self-determination right realized should be supported by the world community morally, as well as economically, politically, and militarily.
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Old 08-16-2016, 02:49 AM
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The international law favors peaceful means for realization of the right for self-determination. Among these means are demonstrations, meetings, articles in mass-media, economic and political strikes; blockades; active positions against the existing regimes of political parties and public organizations; making corresponding UN structures to be involved in practical realization of the nation's right for self-determination, and so on.

The most significant, influential, and authoritative document ensuring the nation's right for self-determination is a plebiscite, or a referendum. When it is held, it confirms the people's will for self-determination. Here we should go back to the text of the General Declaration on Human Rights again. Paragraph 3 of the Article 21 contains a firm principle which reads that " a people's will should be the basis for any governmental power; this will should be realized in regular and non-counterfeited elections which should be conducted in force of the universal and equal electoral right by way of secret ballot or through other equal forms realizing the ballot freedom.

The Declaration on international law principles concerning friendly relationships and co-coordination between states in accordance with the United Nations Regulations adopted by The General Assembly of The United Nations Organization on 24 October, 1970, determined the ways through which a nation can realize its self-determination right. The most important of them are- the formation of an independent and sovereign state, free unification with an independent state or joining it; establishment of any other political status determined by the nation.
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Old 08-16-2016, 02:50 AM
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The Declaration stresses that every state must restrain from any violent actions that may deprive a nation of its self-determination right, freedom, and independence. While taking measures against such violent actions and in its resistance to these actions, the nation that is seeking to realize its self-determination right may have all grounds to require support and obtain it in accordance with the goals and principles of the United Nations Regulations. After all these perfect norms of international law have been discussed, it would be appropriate to come up with an idea that the Pridnestrovian people can only feel sorry about the fact that the United Nations Organization still keeps silence and doesn't help them to defend their right for self-determination.

It should be pointed out that the way the Pridnestrovian Moldovan Republic appeared, was formed and developed, has always corresponded to the above mentioned norms of international law. Pridnestrovian people have been defending their self-determination right by means of political, economic, parliamentary, and other means of protecting their rights and freedoms.

It was only after the armed aggression of Moldova's military formations into Moldova Republic that PMR resorted to forcible means of defending its sovereignty and independence. Those who violated the norms of the international law, who tired to suppress the freedom-loving people of Pridnestrovie by force and to destroy the state created by them, were the rulers of Moldova Republic.
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Old 08-16-2016, 02:50 AM
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The ways that Pridnestrovie chose for its self-determination were different. Its immediate demands were: to ensure equality for all languages in the territory of Moldova. As for the official languages in the compact areas of Russian-speaking residents, there was a suggestion that two languages should have functioned - Moldavian and Russian. Violations of this requirement were regarded as the grounds for pridnestrovians to defend their rights and freedoms through setting up an economic zone, or an autonomous republic within the Moldavian SSR. Unfortunately the Moldova rulers turned down this reasonable requirement too.

Another step to defend the right for self-determination was made in the direction of the Federative Moldavian state formation, where the Pridnestrovian Moldavian Republic would be an equally part. This was the last peaceful requirement in the process of establishing state self-determination for the Pridnestrovian people. Kishinev militarist groupings came to organize an aggression, a war against the Pridnestrovian Moldovan Republic. With their own blood the Pridnestrovian people had to prove their indigenous right for self-determination and they courageously upheld the sovereignty and unity of their republic.
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Old 08-16-2016, 02:51 AM
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Enabled by the above, I make judgment that Moldova Republic took an armed attack against PMR, used the military force against the sovereignty and territorial integrity, which is to be considered as aggression. The results of the aggression only in Bendery are:

489 people died, 132 of who were civilians, and 5 children;

1242 people were injured, 698 of whom were civilians and 13 children;

87 people got missing;

40 people died from the bad injuries later;

1280 dwelling building were destroyed and damaged, 60 of them were ruined completely;

19 educational buildings were destroyed, 3 of which were schools;

15 health care buildings were ruined;

46 industrial, transport, construction enterprises were damaged;

5 multistoried buildings of municipal fund are beyond restoration;

603 1 communal buildings were partly damaged, including 48 buildings of the state construction plant property;

the city damage totals over 10 billion rubles at the prices of 1992.
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Old 08-16-2016, 02:51 AM
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At the time of the military actions against Bendery, trying to get through and reach Tiraspol from the right bank side, because there was still strong resistance in the region of Dubossary, Moldova undertook artillery, minor, and air bombings on the village of Parkany; as the result, in this village:

118 private dwelling houses were damaged, estimated up to 742155 rubles at the prices of 1992.

The village economy damage totals 12672 rubles; the overall damage estimates 13,414,155 rubles.

6 guardsmen were killed;

5 civilians were killed;

17 people were wounded;

Despite the neutral position by the formations of the 14th Guards general army of the Russian Federation, from the first days of the aggression against PMR, Moldova took regular firings and terrorist acts against Russian militaries, penetrating their territories, which resulted in several militaries' deaths, injuries, also damaged machinery, constructions, transport and airplanes. The overall results of the hostilities are:

On 26.06.1992 in the military unit 48414 in Parkany 26 militaries died.

The damage caused to the military property estimates 65, 8 million rubles at the prices of 1992.
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