English language training forum

Go Back   English language training forum > Оther > Free theme

Reply
 
Thread Tools Display Modes
  #11  
Old 07-21-2016, 02:46 AM
admin admin is offline
Administrator
 
Join Date: Mar 2012
Posts: 567
Сказал(а) спасибо: 1
Поблагодарили 0 раз(а) в 0 сообщениях
Default

When in 2005 it was decided to remove the monument to Lenin, which barred the entrance to the new Cathedral of Christ the Saviour, the pedestal and podium for officials were dismantled, and it turned out that the tiles coating the pedestal were gravestones that still had inscriptions on them, from Konigsberg cemeteries...The pedestal was originally supposed to be used in a monument to Stalin, but after his death it was transferred, first to the statue of Mother Russia and, later on, according to legend, was cast into the Pregel).

Even Dom Sovetov (House of Soviets) is the only architectural monument built by the Soviet Union in Kaliningrad Region.The idea of the creators was that it should be symbolic of the new city, but instead it became the symbol of stagnation and everything reactionary that characterised the Soviet regime.The same destructive principle that gave birth to Dom Sovetov, in reality buried it. First, arbitrary Party interference changed the initial architectural design into that of a monster and, then, later economic circumstances didn't allow this project to be realised at all. It is still dead; a remaining symbol of the Soviet empire's fall that no reasonable human being would wish to deal with.

Kaliningrad itself, as a product of its time, is the answer to all questions about the Soviet Union - as some kind of geographical space where all methods of creating reality reached an absurd level, where the absurd itself became the method of creating reality.
__________________
Student of English
Reply With Quote
  #12  
Old 07-21-2016, 02:47 AM
admin admin is offline
Administrator
 
Join Date: Mar 2012
Posts: 567
Сказал(а) спасибо: 1
Поблагодарили 0 раз(а) в 0 сообщениях
Default

How far and wide can the power of illusions created by the mind spread? Sometimes the border of one nation's illusions comes into conflict with the borders of others. Thus, seventy years ago the illusions of two different peoples collided and this clash of two systems resulted in an annihilation leaving several tens of millions of corpses. Today, at a distance, we can clearly see that both sides were equally wrong and their minds were distorted by ideology.

But at that time both National Socialism for one side and communism for the other were factually objective laws of life and death, a sort of metrics of the world and social interactions. Today they seem to have been blinded in their delirium, but looking around us, the landscape and the war still deeply entrenched in our minds - people haven't got over it yet - one can understand the extent of those illusions being materialised and how destructive was their mutual confrontation.
__________________
Student of English
Reply With Quote
  #13  
Old 07-21-2016, 02:47 AM
admin admin is offline
Administrator
 
Join Date: Mar 2012
Posts: 567
Сказал(а) спасибо: 1
Поблагодарили 0 раз(а) в 0 сообщениях
Default

Ressentiment: French word used in philosophy and psychology meaning a particular form of resentment or hostility. It is the French word for "resentment" (fr. Latin intensive prefix 're', and 'sentir"'to feel"). Ressentiment is a sense of hostility directed at that which one identifies as the cause of one's frustration, that is, an assignment of blame for one's frustration. The sense of weakness or inferiority and perhaps jealousy in the face of the "cause" generates a rejecting/justifying value system, or morality, which attacks or denies the perceived source of one's frustration. The ego creates an enemy in order to insulate itself from culpability.

Ressentiment is not to be considered interchangeable with the normal English word "resentment", or even the French "ressentiment". While the normal words both speak to a feeling of frustration directed at a perceived source, neither speaks to the special relationship between a sense of inferiority and the creation of morality.
__________________
Student of English
Reply With Quote
  #14  
Old 07-21-2016, 02:47 AM
admin admin is offline
Administrator
 
Join Date: Mar 2012
Posts: 567
Сказал(а) спасибо: 1
Поблагодарили 0 раз(а) в 0 сообщениях
Default

People were born, got old and died while the banners were carried on Victory Square and homage was paid to some mysterious but bright future. Everybody had to keep their faces happy to play this game even if one saw no point in it, or loathed it. Everybody had to carry on playing with pleasure or turning themselves inside out, while demonstrating their contentment. Probably the defining moment came when three hundred million people learnt to demonstrate their loyalty in a spectacular way twice a year in the squares of their cities.The system pretended that it believed them. And everybody concluded that communism had come. But people lied to the system and the system lied to itself. Clearly it couldn't carry on for long, but for a certain period of time - yes.

The disruption in the goals by, on the one side, the mass production of lower-class(less) elements, alienated from ownership, land, religion and any capacity for conscious self-identification (both creative and that which develops the personality) and, on the other, the construction of a radical modernistic state, in general destroyed the Soviet Union in toto.

Under these circumstances of negative selection, to choose the best people for the position of leaders the degradation of the system is inevitable, as every purposeful drop in the quality of subordinates in order to simplify the management task, leads to the worsening of leadership quality in the next generation. And so on and so forth recurrently at all levels until entropy finally destroys the system.

The foundation of the Soviet Union was based on ideas which failed to take into account one thing - the earth and the country are inhabited by people.The construction of the new world stumbled against the fact that all people think differently, and the sincere aspiration for improving these people and achieving their overall happiness resulted in concentration camps and tens of millions of victims.
__________________
Student of English
Reply With Quote
  #15  
Old 07-21-2016, 02:48 AM
admin admin is offline
Administrator
 
Join Date: Mar 2012
Posts: 567
Сказал(а) спасибо: 1
Поблагодарили 0 раз(а) в 0 сообщениях
Default

So in Kaliningrad, the modernising impulse to create a new Soviet city was handicapped on the one side by the old city (and that barrier was overcome -stones don't fight back), and on the other side by the previous

events in its own country - and the results of the selective breeding program of Josef Vissarionovich (Stalin). Implementation of the Kaliningrad project failed in the absence of a constructive ideoLogy and a sufficient number of creative people who would be supportive of its fulfilment. Elements of society were used as cogs in the system, parts of a giant millstone, which grinds human bones, or cultural values, or corn - depending on the changing vagaries of history. Thus, it is apparent that they could not have been able to build anything except for a featureless grey mass of dormitory areas. And they didn't.
__________________
Student of English
Reply With Quote
  #16  
Old 07-21-2016, 02:49 AM
admin admin is offline
Administrator
 
Join Date: Mar 2012
Posts: 567
Сказал(а) спасибо: 1
Поблагодарили 0 раз(а) в 0 сообщениях
Default

I recall the story of a person whom I was told about, who used to buy up old German bricks and built a house from them. And after that he collected from various places old-fashioned fittings from windows and doors; fashioned windowsills out of kiln tiles; found somewhere old doors and bathrooms taps; restored the furniture, which he bartered from the first settlers in exchange for something else. He made lights from flower vases with lampshades of antique silk. After that he bought a few other things in the antique shops to finish the decor of the house... and simply lived there.

At first glance it is difficult to make up one's mind what kind of act this was; an act of renunciation and recognition? A sort of sacrifice or a desperate statement of one's involvement? Or, as Bradbury writes about an earthman who arrived on the planet Mars, who woke up one morning and saw unusual golden flashes in the eyes of his beloved. Her lips were singing some unknown melody. And they went to live in the mountains, in the ancient forgotten cities, and left behind them the plastic settlements which they had brought with them. Here we destroyed all the cities and there is nowhere else to go.

Arndt Beck, a German photographer, who came to Kaliningrad to do some research, was deeply shocked by the burning fields. They also bring pain to me. It seems that even today somebody is burning the "Prussian spirit" out of this land, achieving nothing except destruction of the harvest. Burning fields are the best monument to our indifference.That indifference was brainwashed into us over seventy years by people, who were deliberately selected for their total lack of concern. You are indifferent, aren't you? Please, therefore, follow us and we will tell you who you are and what you are for. And only the people who possessed cast-iron apathy to the surrounding events - were practically golden Buddhas - were rolling in joy and happiness and tranquillity. But these "Buddhas" got tired; they forgot where their freedom came from and got drunk.
__________________
Student of English
Reply With Quote
  #17  
Old 07-21-2016, 02:51 AM
admin admin is offline
Administrator
 
Join Date: Mar 2012
Posts: 567
Сказал(а) спасибо: 1
Поблагодарили 0 раз(а) в 0 сообщениях
Default

In fact, this is all simply a reflection of the events of the past, the consequences of which we will have to live with for a long time. It would be naive to hope that society will easily free itself of the fetters that were an integral part of society for several generations. Nonetheless, these historical transformations have launched the process of turning mere inhabitants of the city into its citizens. At the time, the total confusion and uncertainty of the residents exacted such a price from Koenigs-berg that its physical reincarnation was totally impossible. Today, the city survives as an abstract idea of a place that is reassuring and supportive for future life, providing opportunities for new developments.

This could be an idea for a new city project - a place that is interesting to live in and that can be a source of pride. We can see in these contemporary times the continuous evolution of new forms of the city's vital activities, which lead to increasing structural complexity of the city community and its interrelations. And that could lead not only to fresh dynamic forms and a growth of self-awareness, but even to the birth of a new sense of city community, which would be able to take responsibility for preserving and developing the cultural landscape of the city.
__________________
Student of English
Reply With Quote
  #18  
Old 07-21-2016, 02:52 AM
admin admin is offline
Administrator
 
Join Date: Mar 2012
Posts: 567
Сказал(а) спасибо: 1
Поблагодарили 0 раз(а) в 0 сообщениях
Default

AFTERWORD

Or ever the silver cord be loosed, or the golden bowl be broken, or the pitcher be broken at the fountain, or the wheel broken at the cistern' (Ecclesiastes, or the Preacher 12.6 )

The Preacher, arguably the best-known author of the Old Testament, mentions the mystery of olam that suggests God's gathering of the whole world and placing it in man's heart.

Without that gathering the world will begin to disintegrate, for the strings that bind it together will break - be it the strings of Apollo's cosmic harp in the Greek myth; or the fundamental interactions in the contemporary «string theory»; or yet the logos structures of the 'verticals' and 'horizontals' of the universe in Christianity. The gathering of the world emerges in the cultural context as a tacit aim of each and every individual, for it is each and every man, being in unison with the wholeness of the world that is endowed with the mission to unite and harmonize it. To that end, he is to collect all its true names and merge them into the great whirlpool of the marvel of existence admitted both by believers and non-believers; learned physicists and preachers; Einstein with his dream of unified fields theory and Kant with his 'perpetual peace'; and, no doubt, by Maxim Popov.
__________________
Student of English
Reply With Quote
  #19  
Old 07-21-2016, 02:52 AM
admin admin is offline
Administrator
 
Join Date: Mar 2012
Posts: 567
Сказал(а) спасибо: 1
Поблагодарили 0 раз(а) в 0 сообщениях
Default

His oeuvre that has found its way into the book Parallel Memory is literally about the gathering of the world - the world unique in its exchatone (Gr. for end of time, climax of history), for the actual history of this world is by and large over; however, its Post-history is reflected in Dmitry Vyshemirsky's photographs from his Post series. The very special eschatol-ogy of this world aka topos (Gr.for place) consists in its epicity, or, to be more precise, in the Hope-giving - if utmost tragic - conception of the fact that the world is being transformed into crucified love! Konigsberg, in the parallel memory of two chronotopes - the Time-Spaces of before and after - is the topos of such crucifixion.

Here the dominant monochrome palette of black-and-white photography plays up the grandiosely poignant paradox of the subjective and objective in the sense of guilt. Maxim Popov's photographic collection never fails to demonstrate the concentration of the experience of crucifixion in the monochrome eschatological panopticum, where everything has been jumbled: executors and their victims; the proud Self of the pre-war Konigsberg, and its ruins; the implicit humanism in some faces and their de-humanization in the organized columns or in disorganized masses.
__________________
Student of English
Reply With Quote
  #20  
Old 07-21-2016, 02:52 AM
admin admin is offline
Administrator
 
Join Date: Mar 2012
Posts: 567
Сказал(а) спасибо: 1
Поблагодарили 0 раз(а) в 0 сообщениях
Default

On the one hand, Maxim Popov has assembled the whole world to create a myth of Konigsberg; on the other, he has overwhelmingly de-mythologized the city, for you cannot overlook the danger of treachery behind the haughtiness of better (in the German times), or worse (under the Soviets) organized forms of this world's architectural and ideological landscapes. You are reading it in the pictures of the synagogue demolished during the Chrystal Night of November 8, 1938, or the tragic photographic evidence of knocking down the Konigsberg Royal Castle.

Betraying the world you primarily betray your own Self, the mystery of the God-given'life codes' steeped in love and moral sense. It is the parallel memory that makes you discover that the world is a phenomenon of profound morality in the first place, with its national and ideological, political and economic components coming after its moral side.Through this discovery makes you realize the utmost of our reminiscence when you plunge into the world of photographs collected by Maxim Popov. It is the uttermost recollection of oneself - for it concerns literally everyone who opens the album:'Send not to know for whom the bell toLls, it tolls for Thee'. (John Donne)

The world gathered here is undoubtedly the topos of a disease.The faces in so many photographs, revealing the will for death, entice you to see 'sickness unto death' of which the philosopher Kierkegaard pondered so painfully.
__________________
Student of English
Reply With Quote
Reply

Thread Tools
Display Modes

Posting Rules
You may not post new threads
You may not post replies
You may not post attachments
You may not edit your posts

BB code is On
Smilies are On
[IMG] code is On
HTML code is Off

Forum Jump


All times are GMT. The time now is 05:49 AM.


Powered by vBulletin® Version 3.8.7
Copyright ©2000 - 2018, vBulletin Solutions, Inc.

English language training forum. Learn English, Study English, Teach English as a second language.