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Old 08-16-2016, 02:51 AM
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For the whole time of the hostilities in PMR, in Dubossary region and Bendery:

895 people were killed, 231 of them- civilians;

2485 people were injured, 91 of them -civilians.

Those who inspired and organized this aggression must be named and prosecuted by the International Public Tribunal. These are, first of all: M. Snegur, President of Moldova Republic; A. Moshanu, ex-chairman of the Moldova Republic Parliament; M.Druk, ex-Prime Minister; A. Plugaru, ex-Minister of national security; I.Kostash, ex-Minister of Internal Affairs (the police).
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Old 08-16-2016, 02:52 AM
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Considering the above-said and on the grounds of the evidence supplying the case together with the witnesses' testimonies, I appeal to you Mr. Chairman and the members of the International Public Tribunal:

1. To justify the establishment and existence of the Pridnestrovian Moldavian Republic as an equal unit of the international law.

2. To acknowledge that the military conflict must be characterized as internal, international, and regarded as an aggression on the part of Moldova Republic against Pridnestrovian Moldavian Republic.

3. To put disgrace on those named-above who inspired and organized the military aggression on the part of Moldova Republic against the Pridnestrovian Moldavian Republic.

4. To state in front of the world community that during the aggression, all standards of the international law were violated, which entailed genocide against the civil people, destruction of properties.

5. To forward the proceedings of this case to the UNO International Court with the purpose to prosecute the guilty and charge them for the recovery of the damage they caused to the Pridnestrovian Moldavian Republic and its citizens.

6. To request the countries of the world and the United Nations Organization to support the Declaration for legal recognition of the Pridnestrovian Moldovan Republic as a sovereign, independent state and an equal unit of the international law.

On the request of the President of PMR the suing party was presented by

the Rector of Schevchenko State

Cooperative University of Pridnestrovie,

Doctor in Law, Professor

V.N.Yakovlev

June 28, 1993
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Old 08-16-2016, 02:52 AM
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The resolution of the International Public Tribunal "Concerning violation of Humane Law during the armed conflict in Pridnestrovie"

The International Public Tribunal includes:

The chairman - Professor Blishenko I.P. - the president of Russian independent institute of International Law.

The deputy chairman - Zeinalov S. - the dean of the faculty of International relations and law in Baku State University, senior lecturer.

Court members:

Boils Francis - the Professor of Illinois University (the USA),

Zahid Aly Han - Doctor in Law (Pakistan),

Ziya Rizvi - General Director of the Independent Bureau in humane problems (Geneva, Switzerland),

Sersenbaev M. - Professor, the head of the chamber in Alma-Ata University, Sokolov V.A. - Professor of Moscow State University of International Relations of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Russian Federation, Martynenko E.V. - the deputy director of Russian Independent Institute of International Law.

Court Secretary - Abashidze A. H. - Master in International Law of Lund University, Master in Jurisprudence, the deputy director of Russian independent institute of International Law.
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Old 08-16-2016, 02:52 AM
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Press-Secretary - Dzhanashiya V.

They examined the problem of violating International Law principles in the course of the armed conflict in Pridnestrovie (March-July, 1992) at the proceedings in Moscow on June 28-29, 1993. The International Public Tribunal supports all peaceful ways of settling the Pridnestrovian conflict and considers the discussion of the problem of violation of International Humane Law principles and amenability for it to be an important contribution in peace and stability.

Having listened to the statements of the witnesses and experts' opinions, represented by both public organizations and state institutions, having examined all material evidence and documents, the Tribunal marks that there were serious and coarse violations of Geneva conventions concerning protection of war victims of 1949 and Supplementary Protocols of 1977 as well as other international legal acts, containing humane principles of International Law:

1) On the part of the armed forces of the Republic of Moldova:

- deliberate murders of civilians including women and children;

- torturing civilians;
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Old 08-16-2016, 02:52 AM
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- treatment, humiliating human dignity (raping women, including underage girls, assaulting civilians,etc.)

- forcing citizens to serve at the army of the Republic of Moldova under threat of a severe criminal punishment for the refusal;

- taking civilian hostages;

- arbitrary and large-scale destruction of buildings, installations and property;

- misappropriation of property of citizens, state, public and private organizations;

- assaults at civil installations and units, including those that contain danger;

- ignoring precautious while planning war operations;

- assaulting undefended areas;

- deliberate murders, tortures and inhuman treatment of prisoners of war;

- beating and maiming prisoners of war (for instance, the Cossack Shkuro)

- treachery;

- not burying and preventing from burying the dead, desecration of bodies of killed and tormented men;

- deliberate murders of wounded and diseased, torturing and inhuman treatment of them;

- violation of rights of medical orderly.

The International Tribunal emphasizes that both who commits a crime and who orders to do it bear a responsibility for a crime.
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Old 08-16-2016, 02:52 AM
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2) On the other hand, there were some violations of human rights in the armed forces of Pridnestrovie, such as deliberate murders and beating prisoners of war (for example, Kostenko case) but the government of Pridnestrovie took necessary measures for stopping it. The Tribunal reminds that these crimes have no prescription according to the Convention of November 26, 1968.

Considering the abovementioned facts and according to Geneva Conventions of protection of war victims of 1949, Supplementary Protocols as well as other international legal Acts, containing humane principles of International Law the International Public Tribunal states:

1. To declare inadmissible any violations of principles of International Humane Law, especially, severe violations of Geneva Conventions and Additional Protocols to them in the course of armed conflicts at the territory of countries of CIS, also Georgia, Azerbaijan, Baltic countries; to consider strict observance of humane principles to be one of the factors of peace-making process in conflict situations.
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Old 08-16-2016, 02:53 AM
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2. To appeal to the governments of the Republic of Moldova and Pridnestrovie with a view to investigate all cases of violating the principles of International Humane Law in the course of armed conflict in Pridnestrovie (March-July, 1992), to prosecute and punish persons who are guilty in international crimes and offences.

3. To appeal to the authorities of Moldova and Pridnestrovie, especially to the command of the armed forces with a claim to take measures for providing observance of the main principles of International Humane Law and liability for violation of them by the armed forces.

4. To appeal to the Council of the heads of CIS countries with a request to examine the problem concerning measures for ensuring the observance of the principles of International Humane Law, including spreading the knowledge about them, in the course of conflicts in these countries. Such measures as expansion of application sphere of existing international principles, elaboration of control and investigation methods in situations of severe violations of Geneva Conventions and Supplementary Protocols, also organization of cooperation for prosecution of persons who are guilty in international crimes in the course of armed conflicts at their territory are recommended. It can be the subject of another agreement of countries-participants.
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Old 08-16-2016, 02:53 AM
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5. To appeal to the General Secretary of UN with a request of entering on the agenda of the next session of General Assembly points concerning severe violations of International Humane Law principles (Geneva Conventions and Supplementary Protocols) in the course of armed conflicts at the territory of the former USSR.

6. To entrust the court secretary to bring this resolution with appeals to the notice of the abovementioned official bodies.

Chairman of Tribunal Signature

Deputy Chairman of Tribunal Signature

Members of Tribunal Signatures

I witness the signatures of Tribunal members.

Secretary of Tribunal Abashidze A.H.

June 29, 1993
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