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Old 01-14-2013, 02:08 PM
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As Bessarabian gubernia (Rus.-province) was founded, in accordance with the Decision of April 29, 1818, Bendery was declared a chief town of uyezd (Rus.-an administrative unit smaller than gubernia).The town was built by a particular scheme: at the distance of 500 metres to the south of the Bendery fortress eight wide streets parallel to the Dniester were laid and eight streets perpendicularly. At first Bendery was mainly in habited by the militaries and the by serf refugees. In 1818 there were 5,1 thousand people in Bendery.

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In 1826 the coat of arms of Bendery was established. On it a two-headed eagle and a lying lion, symbolizing the Swedish King Karl XII who fled to the Bendery fortress in 1709 after the defeat in Poltava battle, are represented. A.S.Pushkin wrote about these events in his poem "Poltava" having been in Bendery on the site of the Swedish camp.

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Since the second half of the 19th century the 55th Infantry Podol regiment have been in the Bendery- fortress. In 1912 by means of soldiers and officers of the regiment a monument was errected in commemoration of the 100th anniversary of the victory of the Russian Army in the 1812 Patriotic War.
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