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-   -   GRAMMAR IN USE. (http://english-forum.info/showthread.php?t=5624)

Camilla 06-19-2010 06:36 PM

GRAMMAR IN USE.
 
Using 'wish' for regrets and other things too!
Using wish for past regrets To regret means that we now feel sorry for something which happened (or didn’t happen) in the past
For example:
‘I regret waking up so late this morning.’ = I am now sorry that I woke up late.
‘I regret not studying harder in school.’ = I am now sorry that I didn’t study enough.
In English we can use the word 'wish' to talk about our past regrets (I have many regrets, so it a useful word for me)!
Let’s take a look at our first example sentence using wish:
‘I wish I had studied harder in school.’

Camilla 06-19-2010 06:36 PM

Using 'wish' for regrets and other things too!
Using wish for past regrets To regret means that we now feel sorry for something which happened (or didn’t happen) in the past
For example:
‘I regret waking up so late this morning.’ = I am now sorry that I woke up late.
‘I regret not studying harder in school.’ = I am now sorry that I didn’t study enough.
In English we can use the word 'wish' to talk about our past regrets (I have many regrets, so it a useful word for me)!
Let’s take a look at our first example sentence using wish:
‘I wish I had studied harder in school.’

Camilla 06-19-2010 06:38 PM

Again in this example sentence the speaker is now sorry that he did not study harder in school.
Here are some more examples:
‘Noel wishes he had visited the Sorbonne when he was in Paris.’
‘We wish we had been kinder to her before she got sick.’
‘They wish they hadn’t spent so much money on their shopping trip.’

Camilla 06-19-2010 06:40 PM

Using wish for present regrets
So far we have looked at using regret for events which happened in the past which we now feel sorry about. We can also use wish to talk about our regrets about present situations i.e. we wish that things could be different from the way they are at the moment.
‘I wish I was taller.’ = I am not tall, but I want to be.
Note: Although we are talking about the present we use the past tense:’ I wish I was taller’ and not ‘I wish I am taller’.

Camilla 06-19-2010 06:44 PM

‘They wish they were younger.’ = They are older than they want to be.
‘She wishes she was going too.’ = She wants to go, but she can not.
‘I wish I knew the way home.’ = I want to go home, but I don’t know the way.
Complaining
When someone does something which makes us angry we can use wish:
‘I wish you wouldn’t do that’
Imagine that you share an apartment with somebody. He is very lazy. You can complain by using wish + would:
‘I wish you would wash the dishes.’
‘I wish you wouldn’t leave your clothes on the floor.’
‘I wish you would be cleaner.’

Camilla 06-19-2010 06:47 PM

Dreams and unreal situations
We can use wish + could to talk about something that we want to do but can’t.
For impossible dreams:
‘I wish I could fly like superman!’
For possible dreams:
‘I wish I could ski.’ (This is not impossible, you just need to take lessons)

Camilla 06-19-2010 06:57 PM

Now choose the best choice to complete each sentence:
1.I wish ___ to my father.
I had listened
had listen
I have listened
I listen
2. I wish it ___ snowing.would stop
could stopped
would
would stopped
3.I wish I ___ so old.
had not
am
would
was not
4.I wish I ___ the train.
were taken
would taken
have took
had taken

Camilla 06-19-2010 08:22 PM

5.I wish I ___ a day off.
had take
could take
could taken
would taken
6.I wish the prices ___ so expensive.
have not
were not
was not
would not

Besame Mucho 06-19-2010 11:18 PM

1. had listened
2. would stop
3. wasn't
4. had taken
5. could take
6. were not

Camilla 06-20-2010 01:10 PM

THESE ROSES FOR YOU, NATASHA.

Camilla 06-24-2010 02:42 PM

talking about preferences - using 'prefer', 'like better' and 'would rather'

Camilla 06-24-2010 02:47 PM

In general useThere are different ways we can ask about preferences. To ask about people’s general tastes or preferences we can use one of the following. They all have the same meaning:Which do you prefer tea or coffee?I prefer tea to coffee.
Which do you prefer drinking tea or coffee?
I prefer drinking tea to coffee.Which do you prefer to drink tea or coffee? (Notice: prefer to + present simple)I prefer to drink tea than coffee.Which do you like better tea or coffee?
I like tea better than coffee.
Do you prefer tea or coffee? I prefer tea to coffee.

Camilla 06-24-2010 02:52 PM

At a specific timeImagine that a friend is visiting your home. You offer to make them a drink. You ask:
Would you prefer tea or coffee?
Tea, please. Unreal situationsFor unreal situations we use ‘would’:Unfortunately, there is no chance that you will marry Brad Pitt or Johnny Depp. It is an unreal situation, so we ask (Notice that 'rather' is always followed by a verb'):

Would you rather marry Brad Pitt or Johnny Depp?
I’d rather marry Johnny Depp than Brad Pitt. I think he’s sexier!
Another example of this would be:
Would you rather be a bird or a dolphin?I’d rather be a bird than a dolphin because I don’t like fish!

Camilla 06-24-2010 02:54 PM

Negative answersWould you rather marry Brad Pitt or Johnny Depp?
I’d rather not marry either. I’d rather marry David Beckham.
Would you rather be a bird or a dolphin?
I’d rather not be either. I'd rather be a cow.

Camilla 07-07-2010 06:34 PM

bound to = certain: "They are bound to succeed!"

sure to = certain: "He is sure to win the championship."

likely to = probable: "We are likely to win the contract."

definite = sure: "He's a definite frontrunner for the job!"

probable: "It's probable that we will be on holiday around then."

likely: "An election is likely next year."

will definitely happen: "There will definitely be a storm later."

will probably happen: "They will probably take on more staff."

Camilla 07-07-2010 06:35 PM

may: "We may be able to help you."

might: "There might be a holiday next month – I'm not sure."

could: "There could be a bug in the system."

… is possible: "Do you think he will resign?" "Yes, that's possible."

… is unlikely: "It's unlikely that she will move."

will possibly: "She'll possibly tell us tomorrow."

probably won't: "They probably won't hear until next week."

definitely won't: "I definitely won't go to the party."

… is highly unlikely: "It's highly unlikely that the company will expand."

Camilla 07-09-2010 02:47 PM

'-ed' and '-ing' adjectives: describing feelings and things

Camilla 07-09-2010 02:48 PM

'-ed' adjectivesAdjectives that end in -ed are used to describe how people feel:
'He was surprised to find that he had been upgraded to first class.'
'I was confused by the findings of the report.'
'She felt tired after working hard all day.'

Camilla 07-09-2010 02:50 PM

'-ing' adjectivesAdjectives that end in -ing are used to describe things and situations. Compare these example sentences to the ones above:
'Being upgraded to first class is surprising.'
The findings of this report are confusing.'
'Working hard all day is tiring.'

Camilla 07-09-2010 02:56 PM

1.Dogs often feel ___ during fieworks.
frightening
frightened
2.The metro can be ___ the first time you use it.
confused
confusing
3.Satoru was ___ to hear about the earthquake.
shocked
shocking
4.I think that rainy days in winter are ___.
depressed
depressing
5.She's ___ of doing the same thing every day.
boring
bored
6.It was the most ___ I have been watching a film.
exciting
excited
7.The meals at Immigrant's Cafe are ___.
Satisfied satisfying

Camilla 07-09-2010 03:02 PM

6.It was the most........film I've ever watched.
I AM SORRY!

Camilla 07-09-2010 05:23 PM

excellent!

Camilla 07-10-2010 02:34 PM

Linking Words

Camilla 07-10-2010 02:37 PM

Linking words are something that can really help our fluency in English, as they help us to create longer sentences. For example:
I bought a dog because I really wanted a pet.
I bought a dog because I really wanted a pet. However, now I wish I hadn't!
Some linking words come in the middle of the sentence:
because
and
so
but
until
then
Whereas some linking words join two sentences and often start with a capital letter:
However
Nevertheless
Therefore
In conclusion
To summarise


Etc.

Camilla 07-10-2010 02:38 PM

There are many more linking words! Including:
Whereas
While
In order to
Especially
Generally
For example
Unlike
And more and more and more!

Camilla 07-10-2010 02:38 PM

In the following sentences, which linking words do you think complete the sentence?

Camilla 07-11-2010 01:44 PM

How to use Can't and Can't Have

Camilla 07-11-2010 01:46 PM

Can't is often used when we think that something is impossible at the present moment.
"Helen can't be in Spain because I saw her driving past my house this morning."
Can't have + past participleCan't have + past participle is used when we are sure that something did not happen in the past.
"He can't have been at the meeting, he's on a business trip this week."
"They can't have bought it today because the shops are closed."

Camilla 07-11-2010 01:50 PM

Now choose the correct form to complete each sentence.

Camilla 07-11-2010 02:04 PM

1 - My boss said we ___ a holiday at the moment because we're too busy.
can't have took
can't take
can't taking
can't taken
2 - You ___ Terry yesterday because he's in Paris all week.
can't have saw
can't seeing
can't have seen
can't seen
3 - She can't ___ , she doesn't speak English.
have understood
understood
have understand
understanding
4 - They can't ___ it all yet, the movie is too long.
watched
have watching
have watched
have watch
5 - You ___ on this train. You will have to wait.
can't smoking
can't have smoked
can't smoke
6 - Sorry, you ___ in right now. Come back later
can't came
can't have come
can't coming
can't come
7 - Susan ___ drive a car yet.
can't can't to couldn't have

Besame Mucho 07-11-2010 04:50 PM

1 - My boss said we ___ a holiday at the moment because we're too busy.
can't have took
can't take
can't taking
can't taken
2 - You ___ Terry yesterday because he's in Paris all week.
can't have saw
can't seeing
can't have seen
can't seen
3 - She can't ___ , she doesn't speak English.
have understood
understood
have understand
understanding
4 - They can't ___ it all yet, the movie is too long.
watched
have watching
have watched
have watch
5 - You ___ on this train. You will have to wait.
can't smoking
can't have smoked
can't smoke
6 - Sorry, you ___ in right now. Come back later
can't came
can't have come
can't coming
can't come
7 - Susan ___ drive a car yet.

can't can't to couldn't have

Camilla 07-11-2010 07:08 PM

EVERYTHING IS CORRECT, NATASHA.

Camilla 07-18-2010 02:13 PM

Words starting with 'Un'

Camilla 07-18-2010 02:13 PM

When we add the prefix ‘un’ to a word, we give the word the opposite meaning. For example:
Clean - very tidy and neat
Unclean - not very tidy and neat!

Camilla 07-18-2010 02:14 PM

A. unsurprising
B. undecided
C. unadventurous
D. uncanny
E. unwanted
F. unnoticed
G. undesirable
H. unaffordable
I. unthinkable
J. unpack

Camilla 07-18-2010 02:23 PM

1. I'm very ___ I never want to bungee jump or climb a mountain!
2. I really don’t want to ___! I just want to go to the beach and enjoy my holiday!
3. To be honest, I think the fact that Sarah is dating James is __. I always thought they would make a nice couple.
4. The resemblance between Philippa and her sister is ___. They look exactly the same!
5. I still don't know whether I want to go to university in Cardiff or Brighton. I'm completely ___.
6. The fact that I was crying went completely___, which made me feel even worse.
7. The clothes from that designer shop are ___. It's ridiculous!8. The ___ has happened. Another war has begun.
9. I brought beer and coke to the party, but the coke was ___.
10.Her character is.........for this company.We are looking for people who work well in a team and I don't think she does.

Camilla 07-18-2010 02:25 PM

In the following sentences, which word beginning with ‘un’ is needed? Use the letters, don't type in the words!

Besame Mucho 07-18-2010 04:16 PM

1.C
2.J
3.A
4.F
5.B
6.H
7.D
8.I
9.E
10.G

Camilla 07-18-2010 07:16 PM

NATASHA, YOUR ANSWERS 4,6,7 AREN'T CORRECT!

Camilla 07-19-2010 12:50 PM

THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN "SO","SUCH".


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